South America

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  • The most peaceful country in South America is Chile
  • South America is the fourth largest continent by landmass
  • Sao Paulo, Brazil is the largest city in South America
  • The largest lake in South America is Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela at 13,300 sq m
  • The main languages in South America are Spanish and Portugues
  • The world’s smallest orchid- miniscule orchid (2.1mm wide) was discovered in Ecuador, South America
  • The most populous city is Buenos Aires in Argentina
  • The economic gap in between the rich and the poor in most South American nations is considered to be larger than in other continents
  • The largest remaining natural resource is the Amazon forest
  • The wettest inhabited place on earth is Buenaventura, Columbia
  • Brazil has the most internet users on the continent
  • The largest salt lake in the world is Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia
  • The highest point in South America is Cerro Aconcagua in Andes in Argentina
  • The most forested country in South America is Suriname
  • The highest waterfall in the world is the Angel Falls at almost 1000m
  • More than 92% of the South American population are into Roman Catholicism
  • According to the UN, the average life expectancy is 72 years
  • 20% of plants found to have anti-cancer properties are found only in the great rainforest of South America
  • The driest place on Earth is the Atacama Desert in Chile
  • The highest capital city La Paz, Bolivia
  • The highest waterfall in the world is the Angel Falls in Venezuela
  • The world southernmost inhabited community, Puerto Toro in Chile
  • The country with the lowest literacy rate is Brazil at 86.4%
  • The main religions are Roman Catholic and Protestantism
  • The largest country in South America is Brazil
  • The most corrupt country in South America is Venezuela according to Corruption Perception Index
  • South America is divided politically into 12 Independent Country
  • South America is connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
  • The two countries producing the most coffee in the world are located in South America
  • Chile has the most newspaper journalists
  • Six of the seventeen mega-diverse countries are found in South America (Brazil, Peru,
  • Columbia, Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela)
  • There are four operational Nuclear Power Reactors in Brazil
  • The longest river in South America is the Amazon River, also the world’s second longest
  • South America was named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci
  • The heaviest snake on earth- the anaconda is found in South America
  • Quinine, the first drug that was used to prevent and treat malaria is obtained from the bark of the tree called Cinchona that grows in Ecuador, South America
  • The country with the highest military spend is Columbia- 3.4% of its GDP
  • The highest commercially navigable lake in the world is the Lake Titicaca
  • The tallest building in South America is Parquet Central Complex, Caracas, Venezuela
  • Suriname is the smallest country in the continent
  • South America is the fifth most populous continent in the world
  • The most deforested country in South America is Ecuador
  • The only South American to win Olympic gold in weight lifting is Marie Isabel Urrutia
  • According to Global Peace Index, the least peaceful country is Columbia
  • More than 20% of Earth’s oxygen is produced in South America
  • South America major resources are gold, silver, copper, iron ore, tin and petroleum
  • South America is one of the most biodiverse continents on earth
  • The independence of South America was secured by Simon Bolivar (Venezuela) and Jose de \San Martin (Argentina)
  • The country to have won the highest number of FIFA World Cups is Brazil
  • South America has nearly 26% of the world’s renewable sources of freshwater
  • South America contains more than 40% of the world’s plants and animals species, in an area smaller than 15% of the earth’s land surface
  • Argentina’s Patagonia has one of the highest wind energy potential on earth
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